Individual Faculty

William Edward Strawderman


Department of Statistics
561 Hill Center, Busch Campus
Piscataway NJ 08854-8019

Phone: (848) 445-7681


Date of Birth: April 25, 1941, Westerly, RI

Present Position:

Professor, Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ

Adjunct Professor, UMDNJ

Visiting Faculty at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Past Employment:

Professor and Chairman, Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/89-6/30/92

Professor of Applied and Mathematical Statistics, Rutgers University, 1/1/84-6/30/89

Professor and Chairman, Department of Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/77-12/31/83

Professor of Applied and Mathematical Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/76-6/30/77

Associate Professor of Applied and Mathematical Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/72-6/30/76

Assistant Professor of Applied and Mathematical Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/70-6/30/72

Acting Assistant Professor of Statistics, Stanford University, 1969-1970

Instructor in Applied and Mathematical Statistics, Rutgers University, 7/1/67-6/30/69

Member of technical staff, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ, 1965-1967


Ph.D. (Statistics), Rutgers University, 1969

M.S. (Statistics), Rutgers University, 1967

M.S. (Mathematics), Cornell University, 1965

B.S. (Engineering Math.), Rhode Island, 1963

Academic Honors and Assistantships:

University of Rhode Island: Graduated with highest distinction; highest grade point average in Engineering School; elected to Phi Kappa Phi and Pi Mu Epsilon in junior year; Phi Gamma Delta Mother's Club Award (1963); Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities (1963); Cornell University: Assistantship in Mathematics Department (1963-1965); Rutgers University: Sigma Xi (1969). Associate Editor, Annals of Statistics (1980-1982); Associate Editor, IMS Lecture Note Series (1987-1993); Associate Editor, JASA (1988-1990); Associate Editor, JASA Reviews (1998- ). Member of Council, IMS (1987-1990, 1999-2002). Chairman, SBSS Section of ASA (1999). Rutgers University Graduate School, Distinguished Alumni Award in Science (2005).

Professional Societies:

Institute of Mathematical Statistics (Fellow); American Statistical Society (Fellow); Sigma Xi; Northern New Jersey Chapter, American Statistical Association (Vice President 1983-President 1986); elected to Who's Who in the Frontiers of Science and Technology; elected to Who's Who in America; elected Member, International Statistical Institute.

Clinical Experience:

Statistical consultant for clinical trials with Dr. Kuo, Dr. Kostic and Dr. Seibold of UMDNJ. Industrial experience in drug and device trials at Ethicon, Cordis, Pfizer, and Janssen.

Environmental Experience:

Statistical consultant for CRESP and MENTOR projects and for TRC and Consolidated Edison.

Thesis Advisor:

Dr. Arthur Cohen, Rutgers University

Ph.D. Thesis:

Generalized Bayes Estimators and Admissibility of Estimators of the Mean Vector of a Multivariate Normal Distribution with Quadratic Loss. Rutgers University, 1969.

Master's Thesis:

Generation and Testing of Random Numbers. Cornell University, 1965.

Ph.D. Students, Year of Degree; Current Employment:

Ann Cohen Brandwein, 1975; Associate Professor, Baruch College-CUNY

Jaya Natarajan, 1983; Associate Professor, Fairleigh Dickinson University

Robert Miceli, 1984; Pfizer Pharmaceuticals

Jean Doll, 1990; IBM

Michael Messig, 1990; AT&T

Yi Shi Shao, 1992; Forest Labs


1. ``A note on the waiting times between record observations,'' J. Appl. Prob. 6, 711-714 (with Paul Holmes) (1969).

2. ``On the law of the iterated logarithm for inter-record time,'' J. Appl. Prob. 7, 432-439 (with Paul Holmes) (1970).

3. ``Admissibility of estimators of the mean vector of a multivariate normal distribution with quadratic loss,'' Ann. Math. Statist. 47, 270-296 (with A. Cohen) (1971).

4. ``Unbiasedness of tests for homogeneity of variances,'' Ann. Math. Statist. 47, 355-360 (with A. Cohen) (1971).

5. ``Proper Bayes minimax estimators of the multivariate normal mean,'' Ann. Math. Statist. 47, 385-388 (1971).

6. ``On the existence of proper Bayes minimax estimators of the mean of a multivariate normal distribution,'' Proceedings of the Sixth Berkeley Symposium on Probability and Mathematical Statistics 1, 51-55 (1972).

7. ``Negative moments of positive random variables,'' JASA 67, 429-431 (with Min Te Chao) (1972).

8. ``Proper Bayes minimax estimators of the multivariate normal mean vector for the case of common unknown variances,'' Ann. Statist. 1, 1189-1194 (1973).

9. ``Admissibility implications for different criteria in confidence estimation,'' Ann. Statist. 1, 363-366 (with A. Cohen) (1973).

10. ``Admissible confidence interval and point estimation for translation or scale parameter,'' Ann. Statist. 1, 545-550 (with A. Cohen) (1973).

11. ``Minimax estimation of powers of the variance of a normal population under squared error loss,'' Ann. Statist. 2, 190-198 (1974).

12. ``On the admissibility of the MLE for ordered binomial parameters,'' Ann. Statist. 2, 822-828 (with H. Sackrowitz) (1974).

13. ``Minimax estimation of location parameters for certain spherically symmetric distributions,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 4, 255-264 (1974).

14. ``Estimation of the parameter of a non-central chi square distribution,'' Communications in Statistics A5, 65-76 (with N. Neff) (1976).

15. ``A complete class theorem for strict monotone likelihood ratio with applications,'' Ann. Statist. 4, 712-722 (with A. Cohen and L. Brown) (1976).

16. ``On linear combination of generalized Bayes estimators of the natural parameter of an exponential family of distributions,'' Sankhya A 38, 287-291 (1977).

17. ``Minimax estimation of location parameters for spherically symmetric unimodal distribution,'' Ann. Statist. 6, 377-416 (with Ann R. Brandwein) (1978).

18. ``Minimax adaptive ridge regression estimators,'' JASA 73, 623-627 (1978).

19. ``A North American viewpoint on selection of radiation sterilization dose.'' In Sterilization by Ionizing Radiation, II, Multiscience, pp.322-330 (with J. Masefield, K. W. Davis and J. L. Whitby) (1978).

20. ``On the admissibility or inadmissibility of fixed sample size tests on a sequential setting,'' Ann. Statist. 7, 569-578 (with L. D. Brown and Arthur Cohen) (1979).

21. ``Monotonicity of Bayes sequential tests,'' Ann. Statist. 7, 1222-1230 (with L. D. Brown and Arthur Cohen) (1979).

22. ``Complete classes for sequential tests of hypotheses,'' Ann. Statist. 8, 377-398 (with L. D. Brown and Arthur Cohen) (1980).

23. ``Minimax estimation of location parameters for spherically symmetric distributions with concave loss,'' Ann. Statist. 8, 279-284 (with Ann R. Brandwein) (1980).

24. ``Sharp confidence bounds for linear regression with partially ordered independent variables,'' JASA 75, 862-868 (with George Casella) (1980).

25. ``Preparing statisticians for careers in industry,'' The American Statistician 34, 65-75 (with R.D. Snee et al.) (1980). (Report of the ASA Section on Statistical Education Committee on Training Statisticians for Industry.)

26. ``The DS gamma radiation dose setting strategy for sterilizing medical products,'' Proceedings of Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Second Gamma Sterilization Processing Seminar. (with K.W. Davis, J. Masefield and J.L. Whitby) (1980).

27. ``Gamma radiation 1980: The DS dose setting and audit strategies,'' Proceedings of the Second International Kilmer Conference on the Sterilization of Medical Products. (with K.W. Davis, John Masefield and J.L. Whitby) (1980).

28. ``Estimating a bounded normal mean,'' Ann. Statist. 9, 870-878 (with George Casella) (1981).

29. ``Improved estimators of quantiles and scale parameters for the truncated exponential distribution,'' JASA 77, 159-162 (with Andrew Rukhin) (1982).

30. ``Method to exclude the effect of testing error when estimating the percent defective of a continuous normal population.'' Transportation Research Record. (with Richard Weed) (1982).

31. ``Improvements on linear minimax estimates,'' Third Purdue Symposium on Statistical Decision Theory and Related Topics, S.S. Gupta and J. Berger, Eds., Academic Press, New York, pp.287-304 (with J. Sacks) (1982).

32. ``James-Stein estimators.'' Encyclopedia of Statistical Science, S. Kotz and N.L. Johnson, Eds., Wiley (1983).

33. ``Likelihood ratio test.'' Encyclopedia of Statistical Science, S. Kotz and N.L. Johnson, Eds., Wiley (1983).

34. ``The rationale and a computer evaluation for a gamma irradiation sterilization dose determination method for medical devices using a sub-sterilization incremental dose protocol,'' J. Appl. Bacteriology 57, 31-50 (with K.W. Davis and J.L. Whitby) (1983).

35. ``Minimax estimation of the mean of a random vector with independently distributed components.'' Under revision. (with Robert J. Miceli) (1984)

36. ``Minimax estimation of location parameters for distributions of random vectors with independent components,'' Proceedings of 1984 National ASA Meeting. (with Robert J. Miceli) (1984).

37. ``Visual effects of perception of the gravitational vertical: The reference axis for the definition of display tilt,'' Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive 5, (6), 687-706 (with Patricia W. Cox and Eric Sigman) (1985).

38. ``Multivariate locally most powerful unbiased tests,'' Multi. An., VI. P.R. Krishnaiah, Ed., North-Holland, pp.121-144 (with Arthur Cohen and H. Sackrowitz) (1985).

39. ``The use of Bayes/empirical Bayes estimation in individual volume equation development,'' Forest Science 31, 975-990 (with Edwin J. Green) (1985).

40. ``Two stage sequential estimation of a multivariate normal mean under quadratic loss,'' Ann. Statist. 13, 1509-1522 (with J. Natarajan) (1985).

41. ``Reducing required sample size through the use of composite estimators,'' Proceedings of Conference on the Use of Auxilliary Information in Natural Resource Inventories. Blacksburg, VA, October 1-2. Society of American Foresters Publication No. SAF 86-01; 170pp. (with E. Green) (1985).

42. ``Reducing sample size through the use of a composite estimator: An application to timber volume estimation,'' Canad. J. Forestry Res. 16, 1116-1118 (with E. Green) (1986).

43. ``Stein rule estimation of coefficients for 18 Eastern hardwood cubic volume equations,'' Canad. J. Forestry Res. 16, 249-255 (with Edwin Green) (1986).

44. ``Minimax estimation for certain independent component distributions under weighted squared error loss,'' Communications in Statistics 15, (7), 2191-2200 (with R. Miceli) (1986).

45. ``A characterization of the multivariate normal distributions and some remarks on linear estimators,'' JSPI 17, 361-365 (with Arthur Cohen and Andrew Rukhin) (1987).

46. ``On estimation of a restricted normal mean,'' Statistics and Probability Letters 6, 21-30 (with Constantine Gatsonis and Brenda MacGibbon) (1987).

47. ``Stein rule estimation of timber removed by county,'' Forest Science 33, (4), 1054-1061 (with E. Green and C.E. Thomas) (1987).

48. ``Combining inventory data with model predictions,'' Proceedings IUFRO Forest Growth Modeling and Production Conference, University of Minnesota, Vol. 2 (with E. Green) (1987).

49. ``Empirical Bayes methods for calibrating yield models to multiple regions,'' Proceedings of the IUFRO Forest Systems Conference, Berkeley CA, pp.89-96 (with E. Green and C.E. Thomas) (1988).

50. ``Almost arbitrary estimates of location for independent component variance mixtures of normal variates,'' Statistics and Probability Letters 7, 131-133 (with R. Miceli) (1989).

51. ``A James-Stein type composite estimator,'' Proc. International Union of Forest Research Organizations Conference on Forest Statistics, pp.122-130, Freiburg, W. Germany (with E. Green) (1989).

52. ``Minimax estimator of means of multivariate mixture,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 35, (2), 141-150 (with Jine-Phone Chou) (1990).

53. ``Stein estimation: The spherically symmetric case,'' Statistical Science 5, (3), 356-369 (with Ann Cohen Brandwein) (1990).

54. ``Two stage estimation of several Poisson parameters,'' Sequential Analysis 9, (1), 89-113 (with J. Natarajan) (1990).

55. ``Combining inventory estimates with possibly biased auxilliary information,'' Forest Science 36, 688-699 (with E. Green) (1990).

56. ``Comments on `Developments in decision theoretic variance estimation,' by Jon M.\ Matta and George Casella,'' Statistical Science 5, 90-120 (1990).

57. ``A multivariate composite estimator,'' Proc. Symposium on State of the Art Methodology of Forest Inventory, Syracuse, NY. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-GTR-263, pp.181-188 (with E. Green) (1990).

58. ``A multivariate composite estimator for combining model predictions with sample data,'' Proc. International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, World Conference, Montreal, Canada. Publication FW5-3-90, School of Forestry and Natural Resources, VPI&SU, Blacksburg, VA, pp.70-77 (1990).

59. ``A James-Stein type estimator for combining unbiased and possibly biased estimators,'' JASA 86, 1001-1006 (with E. Green) (1991).

60. ``Generalizations of James-Stein estimators under spherical symmetry,'' Ann. Statist. 19, 1639-1650 (with A.C. Brandwein) (1991).

61. ``Improved estimates of location in the presence of unknown scale,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 39, 305-314 (with Ann C. Brandwein) (1991).

62. ``Combining unbiased and possibly biased estimators,'' Seminaires Mathematique de Rouen, 1989-1990. Comptes Rendus, 139-144 (with E. Green) (1991).

63. ``Cell estimation for 2-way tables under additivity constraints,'' Proc. Conference on Optimal Design of Forest Experiments and Forest Surveys. IUFRO Subject Group 4.13, London, England, 157-166 (with E. Green) (1991).

64. ``Comments on `Bayesian Pitman closeness,' by Malay Ghosh and P.K. Sen,'' Communications in Statistics A20, 3659-3678 (1991).

65. ``Comments on `Maximum entropy and the nearly black object,' by David L.\ Donoho, Iain Johnston and Jeffrey Hoch,'' JRSS B 54, 41-67 (1992).

66. ``Empirical Bayes development of Honduran Pine yield models,'' Forest Science 38, 21-33 (with Edwin J. Green and Charles E. Thomas) (1992).

67. ``Stein estimation for spherically symmetric location families in three dimensions,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 42, 35-50 (with S. Ralescu and A.C. Brandwein) (1992).

68. ``Comments on `Hierarchical models for combining information and for meta analysis,' by C.N. Morris and S.L. Normand,'' Proc. Fourth Valencia Conference on Bayesian Statistics, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, pp.335-336 (1992).

69. ``The James-Stein estimator as an empirical Bayes estimator for an arbitrary location family,'' Proc. Fourth Valencia Conference on Bayesian Statistics, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, pp.821-824 (1992).

70. ``Improved estimates for cell values in a two way table,'' Biometrie und Informatik in Medizin und Biologie 23, 24-30 (with E. Green and Michael Kohl) (1992).

71. ``A comparison of hierarchical Bayes and empirical Bayes methods,'' Forest Science 38, 350-366 (with E. Green) (1992).

72. ``A comparison of hierarchical and empirical Bayes methods for simultaneous linear models,'' TEST. Submitted (with E. Green) (1992).

73. ``Assessing classification probabilities for thematic maps,'' Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 59, 635-639 (with E. Green and T. Airola) (1992).

74. ``Improving on truncated estimators,'' Fifth Purdue International Symposium on Statistical Decision Theory and Related Topics, pp.369-376 (with Peter Shao) (1992).

75. ``Is Pitman closeness a reasonable criterion (with discussion),'' JASA 88, 57-76 (with C. Robert and J.T. Hwang) (1993).

76. ``Hierarchical Bayes and empirical Bayes methods with an application to the Swiss National Forest Inventory,'' Biometrie und Informatik in Medizin und Biologie. In press (with E.\ Green and Michael Kohl) (1993).

77. ``Shrinkage estimators of the location parameter for certain spherically symmetric distributions,'' Ann. Inst. Statist. Math. 45, 551-565 (with A.C. Brandwein and S. Ralescu) (1993).

78. ``Minimal sufficiency and completeness for dichotomous quantal response models,'' Ann. Statist. 21, 2149-2152 (with M. Messig) (1993).

79. ``Constrained empirical Bayes estimates for cell values in a two way table,'' Canad. J. Forestry Research 22, 1983-1987 (with E. Green and M. Kohl) (1993).

80. ``Hematologic effects of benzene: Job specific trends during the first year of employment among a cohort of benzene-exposed rubber workers,'' J. Occupational Medicine, 776-782 (with H. Kipen and R. Cody) (1993).

81. ``On estimating several binomial N's,'' Sankhya B 56, 115-120 (with George Casella) (1994).

82. ``Determining the accuracy of thematic maps,'' The Statistician 43, 77-86 (with E. Green) (1994).

83. ``Bayesian analysis for the three parameter Weibull distribution with tree diameter data,'' Biometrics 50, 254-269 (with E.J. Green, F.A. Roesch and A.F.M. Smith) (1994).

84. ``Improving on the James Stein positive part estimator,'' Ann. Statist. 22, 1517-1539 (with Peter Shao) (1994).

85. ``A growth and yield model for Slash Pine,'' Proc. Section on Bayesian Statistical Science of American Statistical Society, 202-205 (with E.J. Green) (1994).

86. ``Bayesian construction of thematic maps for satellite imagery,'' Proc. Section on Survey Methodology of American Statistical Association. To appear (with E.J. Green and A.F.M. Smith) (1994).

87. ``Sequential estimation of the variance of a normal population,'' Sequential Analysis 14 (4), 361-374 (1995).

88. ``Improving on the positive part of the UMVUE of a noncentrality parameter of a non-central chi-square distribution,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 53, 52-66 (with Peter Shao) (1995).

89. ``Shrinkage positive rule estimators for spherically symmetric distributions,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 53, 194-208 (with D. Cellier and D. Fourdrinier) (1995).

90. ``Double shrinkage estimators in the GMANOVA model,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 56, 245-258 (with T. Kariya and Y. Konno) (1996).

91. ``Choice of hierarchical priors: Admissibility in estimation of normal means,'' Ann. Statist. 24, 931-951 (with J. Berger) (1996).

92. ``Improving on the MLE of a positive normal mean,'' Statistica Sinica 6, 259-274 (with Peter Shao) (1996).

93. ``Improving on truncated linear estimates of exponential and gamma scale parameter,'' Canad. J. Statist. 24, 105-114 (with Peter Shao) (1996).

94. ``Construction of thematic maps from satellite imagery,'' (with discussion). Bayesian Statistics 5. Proc. Fifth Valencia Conference on Bayesian Statistics. Oxford Univ. Press, pp.181-196 (with E.J. Green and A.F.M. Smith) (1996).

95. ``Evaluating cumulated research, I: The inadequacy of traditional methods,'' Biological Psychiatry 39, 65-72 (with Peter Carlton) (1996).

96. ``Predictive posterior distributions from a Bayesian version of a Slash Pine yield model,'' Forest Service 42, 456-464 (with E. Green) (1996).

97. ``A paradox concerning shrinkage estimators: Should a known scale parameter be replaced by an estimated value in the shrinkage parameter,'' J. Multivar. Anal. 59, 109-139 (with D. Fourdrinier) (1996).

98. ``Preschool immunization rates in the practices of N.J. pediatricians and family physicians,'' Pediatrics (with B.D. Goun, D.H. Carver, L.D. Frenkel, B.S. McGowan and S.C. Snyder) (1996).

99. ``Une paradoxe en estimation,'' Compte Rendus, French Academy of Sciences, t.322 Serie 1, pp.965-970. (with D. Fourdrinier) (1996).

100. ``Portfolio selection using Bayes decision rules and hierarchical models with unknown variance,'' Management Science. Submitted (with Alex Greysermon, D.H. Jones and Y. Simaan) (1996).

101. ``Evaluating cumulated research II: Estimating effect size,'' Biological Psychiatry. Submitted (with P.L. Carlton) (1996).

102. ``A Bayesian growth and yield model for Slash Pine plantations.'' J. Appl. Statist. (JRSS) 23, 285-299 (with E. Green) (1996).

103. ``All estimates with a given risk, curvature and Ricatti differential equations,'' Ann. Statist. 25, 1208-1221 (with A. Das Gupta) (1997).

104. ``Sur les estimateurs de Bayes minimax; une méthode constructive.'' Compte Rendus, French Academy of Sciences, Ser. 1, 324, 1143-1148 (with D. Fourdrinier and M. Wells) (1997).

105. ``Sorption onto soils from nonaqueous phase liquids.'' J. Environmental Quality. Submitted (with C.E. Shaefer, R.R. Arands, C.T. Chen, and D. Kosson) (1997).

106. ``The asymptotic behavior of Bayes estimators for dichotomous quantal response models,'' Sankhya 60, 418-426 (with M. Messig) (1998).

107. ``On the construction of Bayes minimax estimators.'' Ann. Statist. 26, 660-671 (with D. Fourdrinier and M. Wells) (1998).

108. ``Sufficiency.'' Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. Vol. 6, pp.4401-4402, Wiley, New York (1998).

109. `` Sufficient Statistics.'' Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. Vol. 6, pp.4402-4407, Wiley, New York (1998).

110. ``Estimation robuste pour des lois à symétrie elliptique à matrice de covariance inconnue.'' C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Sér. 1, 326, 1135-1140 (with D. Fourdrinier and M. Wells) (1998).

111. ``Assessing uncertainty in a stand growth model by Bayesian synthesis.'' Forest Service (with E. Green, D. Macfarlane and H. Valentine) (1998).

112. ``Construction of improved estimators for the regression coefficient matrix in GMANOVA models.'' J. Multivar. Anal. (with Y. Konno and T. Kariya) (1999).

113. ``On estimation with balanced loss functions.'' Statistics and Probability Letters (with D.K. Dey and M. Ghosh) (1999).

114. ``Minimaxity.'' JASA 95, 1364-1368 (2000).

115. ``Correlation in a formal Bayes framework.'' Canad. J. Statist. (with A. Das Gupta, G. Casella, M. Delampady and H. Rubin) (2000).

116. ``Estimation in sypherically symmetric regression with random design.'' Statistics and Decision 19, 41-50 (with Kun He) (2001).

117. ``A new approach to default priors and robust Bayes methodology.'' Canad. J. Statist. 29, 437-450 (with M. Delampaday, A. DasGupta, G. Casella and H. Rubin) (2001).

118. ``Minimaxity.'' In Statistics in the 21st Century. Edited by A. Raftery, M. Tanner and M. Wells, Chapman and Hall, London, 484-492 (2001).

119. ``Estimation of a parameter vector restricted to a polyhedral cone.'' Statistics and Probability Letters 56, 121-129 (with Idir Ouassou) (2002).

120. ``Minimaxity.'' In Statistics in the 21st Century. Edited by Adrian E. Raftery, Martin A. Tanner and Martin T. Wells, Chapman and Hall/CRC, New York, 484-492 (2002).

121. ``Confidence distributions -- The concept, theory, and applications.'' Submitted to Ann. Statist. (with K. Singh and M. Xie) (2002).

122. ``The importance of patient history for diagnosis of Lyme disease.'' Submitted to Emerging Diseases (with R. Porwancher, B. Singh, H. Chmel and B. Simonds) (2002).

123. ``Estimation of a parameter vector when some components are restricted.'' J. Multivar. Anal. 86, 14-27 (with D. Fourdrinier and I. Ouassou) (2003).

124. ``On Bayes and unbiased estimators of loss.'' Ann. Inst. Statist. Math. 55, 803-816 (with D. Fourdrinier) (2003).

125. ``Robust shrinkage estimation for elliptically symmetric distributions with unknown covariance matrix.'' J. Multivar. Anal. 85, 34-39 (with D. Fourdrinier and M. Wells) (2003).

126. ``On minimax estimation of a normal mean vector for general quadratic loss.'' In Mathematical Statistics and Applications: Festschrift for Constance van Eeden, S. Froda and C. Leger, Eds., IMS Lecture Notes-Monograph Series, Vol. 42, 3-14 (2003).

127. ``Estimation of a parameter with restrictions or vague information.'' J. Multivar. Anal. (with D. Fourdrinier and M. Wells) (2003). To appear.

128. ``A new class of minimax generalized Bayes estimators of a normal variance.'' JMA (2003). To appear.

129. ``On the inevitability of a paradox in shrinkage estimation for scale mixtures of normals.'' JSPI 121, 37-51 (with D. Fourdrinier and E. Marchand) (2004).

130. ``Estimation in restricted parameter spaces: A review in A Festschrift to Honor Herman Rubin. Anirban DasGupta, Ed. IMS Lecture Notes-Monograph Series, Vol. 45, 21-44 (with E. Marchand) (2004).

131. ``Statistical analysis of key comparisons with linear trends.'' Metrologia 41, 231-237. (with Nien Fan Zheng, Hong-Kung Liu and Nell Sedransk) (2004).

132. ``Improving on the minimum risk equivariant estimator of a location parameter which is constrained to an interval or half-interval.'' Ann. Inst. Statist. Math. 57, 129-143. (with E. Marchand) (2005).

133. ``On improving on the minimum risk equivariant estimator of a scale parameter under a lower bound constraint.'' JSPI 134, 90-101 (with E. Marchand) (2005).

134. ``Bayesian estimation of multivariate location parameters.'' In Bayesian Thinking: Modelling and Computation, Handbook of Statistics 25, Chapter 8, 221-244. C.R. Rao and Dipak Day, Eds. (with Ann Cohen Brandwein) (2005).

135. ``Improved estimation for multiple means with heterogeneous variances.'' Forest Science 51, 1-6. (with Edwin J. Green, Ralph Anateis and Gregory A. Reams) (2005).

136. ``A new class of generalized Bayes minimax ridge regression estimators.'' Ann. Statist. 33, 1753-1770 (with Yuzo Maruyama) (2005).

137. ``Necessary conditions for dominating the James-Stein estimator.'' Ann. Inst. Statist. Math. 57, 157-165. (with Yuzo Maruyama) (2005).

138. ``Posterior propriety and admissibility of hyperpriors in normal hierarchical models.'' Ann. Statist. 33, 606-646 (with James O. Berger and Dejun Tang) (2005).

139. ``Posterior propriety and admissibility of hyperpriors in normal hierarchical models.'' Ann. Statist. 33, 606-646 (with James O. Berger and Dejun Tang) (2005).

140. ``Combining information from independent sources through confidence distributions.'' Ann. Statist. 33, 159-183 (with Kesar Singh and Minge Xie) (2005).

141. ``On the behavior of Bayes credible regions for some restricted parameter space problems.'' In Recent Developments in Non-parametrics and Probability: A Festschrift in Honor of Michael Woodroofe. IMS-LNS Monograph Series 50, 112-126. (with Eric Marchand) (2005).

142. ``Devlopment of a statistical/geostatistical filtering methodology for determining background groundwater quality at the Savannah River Site.'' J. Air and Waste Management 56, 159-168. (with V.M. Vyas, A. Roy, P.G. Georgopoulos and D.S. Kosson) (2006).

143. ``Two expectation identities with applications.'' In a special issue of JSPI in honor of Shanti Gupta. 136, 2254-2278. (with L.D. Brown, A. DasGupta and L.P. Haff) (2006).

144. ``Statistical analysis for multiple artifact problems in key comparisons with linear trends.'' Metrologia 43, 21-26. (with Nien Fan, Hung-kung Liu and Nell Sedransk) (2006).

145. ``Estimation of a mean vector under quadratic loss.'' JSPI. Tentatively accepted. (with Dominique Fourdrinier and Idir Ouassou) (2006).

146. ``Many ways to average equating functions (if you must).'' Submitted. (with Paul Holland) (2006).

147. ``Statistical aspects of linkage analysis in interlaboratory studies.'' JSPI 137, 264-278. (with Andrew Rukhin) (2007).

148. ``Confidence Distributions (CD)-Distribution Estimator of a Parameter.'' To be submitted to A Festschrift in Memory of Yehuda Vardi. IMS Lecture Notes-Monograph Series. (with Kesar Singh and Minge Xie) (2007).

149. ``On minimaxity and admissibility of hierarchical Bayes estimators.'' J. Multivar. Anal. 98, 829-851. (with Tatsuya Kubokawa) (2007).

150. ``Bayes minimaxity and admissibility of hierarchical Bayes estimators.'' J. Multivar. Anal. To appear. (with Dominique Fourdrinier and Othmane Kortbi) (2007).

151. ``Generalized Bayues minimax estimators of the location vector for spherically symmetric distributions.'' J. Multivar. Anal. To appear. (with Dominique Fourdrinier) (2007).

152. ``A unified and generalized set of shrinkage bounds on minimax Stein estimates.'' J. Multivar. Anal. Submitted. (with Dominique Fourdrinier) (2007).

153. ``Complex datasets and inverse problems.'' IMS Lecture Notes -- Monograph Series 54. (Co-editors, Regina Liu and Cun-Hui Zhang) (2007).